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  · 3 minutes read

Demystifying “Excess” in Health Insurance

In the realm of health insurance, the term “excess” plays a crucial role in determining how your insurance coverage works and your financial responsibilities when seeking medical care. In this article, we will explain what “excess” means in health insurance, why it matters, and how understanding it can help you make informed decisions about your healthcare finances.

What is Excess in Health Insurance?

Excess, in the context of health insurance, refers to the amount of money you agree to pay out of your pocket before your insurance provider begins to cover the remaining costs of your healthcare expenses. It is also commonly known as a “deductible.” Essentially, it’s your financial responsibility at the outset of any medical treatment or service.

How Does Excess Work?

When you have an insurance policy with an excess or deductible, here’s how it typically works:

  1. You Incur Medical Expenses: When you seek medical treatment, you’ll pay for the services until your excess or deductible amount is met.
  2. Coverage Begins: Once you’ve paid the full excess amount, your insurance coverage kicks in, and the insurance company starts covering a portion of your eligible medical expenses, often as a percentage or a fixed amount.
  3. Cost-Sharing: You will continue to share the costs with your insurer through methods such as copayments or coinsurance, even after the deductible is met. The insurer will pay its portion, and you’ll pay the remaining percentage or fixed fee.
  4. Annual Reset: Many insurance policies reset the deductible annually, meaning you’ll need to meet it again in the new calendar or policy year.

Why Understanding Excess Matters

  1. Financial Planning: Knowing your excess helps you budget for healthcare expenses. You can anticipate how much you’ll need to pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage takes over.
  2. Policy Comparison: Understanding the excess allows you to compare different insurance policies effectively. Policies with higher deductibles often have lower premiums, but they require you to pay more upfront for medical expenses.
  3. Value Assessment: You can assess the value of your insurance policy by considering the relationship between the premium cost and the deductible. A lower premium might be appealing, but it might come with a higher deductible.
  4. Emergency Preparedness: In the event of a medical emergency, knowing your excess helps you prepare for potential immediate expenses.
  5. Informed Decision-Making: When seeking medical care or choosing treatment options, understanding your excess allows you to make informed decisions about whether the cost of care aligns with your budget.
  6. Policy Optimization: Some health insurance policies offer options to adjust the deductible. Understanding excess enables you to tailor your policy to your financial situation and healthcare needs.

In summary, excess, or deductible, is a fundamental concept in health insurance that defines the initial out-of-pocket expenses you must pay before your insurance coverage begins. Understanding your excess empowers you to make informed decisions about your health insurance policy, budget for healthcare expenses, and evaluate the value of your coverage. It is a critical factor in managing your healthcare finances effectively and ensuring that you receive the care you need while balancing costs.

Tom McCabe picture

Tom McCabe

Co-founder and CEO of, a radically simple way for companies to offer health cover to their teams. International health cover, accessed with your Mo Mastercard, built on a collectively-funded Trust.

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